Extraction and Chemical Compounds Identification of Red Rice Bran Oil Using Gas Chromatography – Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) Method

Hoo Sheren Hartono(1), Hartati Soetjipto(2), A. Ign. Kristijanto(3),
(1) Jurusan Kimia, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana
(2) 
(3) 

Abstract


The objectives of the study are to obtain optimum yield of extraction red rice bran oil, to
determine the physico-chemical characteristics, and componen coumpounds. Data was analyzed
using Nir Parametric Statistics by Friedmann test. The result showed the optimum extraction
results was obtained by the ratio of substrate : solvent of 1: 8 and the oil yield was 12.31 ±
0.325%. The physico properties of red rice bran oil were greenish brown colour, with a density
ranged from 0.908 ± 0.014 to 0.922 ± 0.014 (g/mL), and the water content ranged from 0.87 ± 0.06
to 0.91 ± 0.02 %. The chemical properties of red rice bran oil were: the acid number ranged from
116.41 ± 1.22 to 118.11 ± 2.45 (mg NaOH/g); the saponification number ranged from 193.74 ±
21.88 to 199.62 ± 12.63 (mg KOH/g); and the peroxide number ranged from 24.37 ± 2.44 to 26.07
± 4.88 (mgek/kg), respectively. Oils was analyzed used GC-MS. The chemical components of rice
bran oil are oleic acid (46.24%), palmitic acid (18.25%), linoleic acid (13.29%), 9-octadecane
(7.76%).

Keywords


Red Rice Bran; Red Rice Bran Oil; Physico-Chemical Properties;GC-MS; Chemical Compounds

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: https://doi.org/10.20885/eksakta.vol17.iss2.art2

Jurnal Eksakta
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